Beer Hall Putsch
The Rise of Fascism in Italy, National Socialism in Germany, the Spanish Civil War, and the expansion of Nazi Germany (8 November 1923)
Historical Map of Europe
By 1923, hyperinflation was ruining the German economy and helping destroy its ability to pay war reparations. In an attempt to force payments, France and Belgium occupied the German industrial area of the Ruhr. In the turbulent times that followed, a Mussolini-inspired German war veteran by the name of Adolf Hitler led his Nazi party in a failed attempt to seize power in Munich.