Appeasement at Munich
The Rise of Fascism in Italy, National Socialism in Germany, the Spanish Civil War, and the expansion of Nazi Germany (2 November 1938)
Historical Map of Europe
From March 1938, pro-Nazis in the Sudetenland, a part of Czechoslovakia with a large German population, started pressing for autonomy and closer ties with Germany. Desperate to avert a crisis, Britain and France decided to mediate. However, rather than supporting their ally Czechoslovakia, they agreed to let Germany annex the disputed territories. War had been avoided, but British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain's claims of "Peace for our time" would soon be disproved.