Bolsheviks Gain Control

The Great War and the Revolution

Russia 1917.1201

Bolsheviks Gain Control

World War I in eastern Europe and the Russian Revolution (1 December 1917)

Historical Map of Russia

By December 1917, Lenin's Bolsheviks controlled many of the major cities of Russia and the Republic had collapsed. Resistance was strongest amongst the various Cossack hosts, the Menshevik forces in Transcaucasia, and the independence movements among many of Russia's ethnic minorities.

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