Civil War and the Execution of the Tsar

The Russian Civil War: The Bolsheviks against the White Movement (31 July 1918)

Historical Map of Russia

The Czechoslovak troops seized much of the Trans-Siberian Railway. With their support, anti-Bolshevik factions quickly gained power across Siberia. Simultaneously, disgruntled leftists rose up in Moscow and Yaroslavl, but were crushed after a few days.

Tsar Nicholas II and his family had been moved to the Ural city of Yekaterinburg in April. On July 17, concerned about the approaching Czechoslovaks, the Bolsheviks executed them by firing squad.

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